(Published June 2013, last updated May 2023)
Nestled on the banks of the Céré River and blessed with rich alluvial soil, Bretenoux is an ideal farming area and busy market town, first settled in the ninth century.
Four hundred years later, Baron Guérin de Castelnau, who ruled the region from the nearby Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux, fortified the village, protecting its role as the trading hub of the area.
The fifth day of the eight-day walk from Martel to Rocamadour finishes in Bretenoux. There are lots of things to do nearby, presenting the perfect opportunity to take a break from walking and explore the area.
Let’s get started!
Discover the history of a thirteenth-century bastide town
Fortified villages, such as Bretenoux, are known as bastides and over 500 were built in the south-west of France during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Bastide towns are typically laid out in a grid pattern around a central square which served as the trading centre for the village.
Unfortunately, few bastides remain today but Bretenoux is a good example with many beautifully preserved buildings and a real sense of a town that has evolved over the centuries but also remained essentially the same.
Call into the Mairie on Avenue de la Libération and ask for the map which provides a historic trail through town describing the buildings and the events that took place here mostly within a block or two of the central square—Place des Consuls.
Pack a picnic lunch at the fresh food market
Follow the guided map backwards to end your walk in Place des Consuls where, on a Tuesday or Saturday morning, you’ll find yourself at the local market where farmers and traders have gathered for the past 800 years.
The markets offer a heady variety of fresh fruit, vegetables and flowers along with craft, clothing and jewellery stalls. If you are looking for some fresh bread, cheese, sausage, olives to pack a picnic lunch, you are in the right place but snoop around and you may also find something nice to provide a more permanent reminder of your trip.
Take a detour to Château de Montal
A short taxi ride from Bretenoux is the sixteenth-century Château de Montal. Built by Jeanne de Balsac between 1519 and 1534, the château provides a fascinating insight into the daily life of the nobility.
For the quality of the exhibitions, we can thank Maurice Fenaille, a French philanthropist who restored and refurnished the château in the early twentieth century—buying back artwork and sculptures where he could and commissioning reproductions where necessary.
Wikipedia claims that the Mona Lisa was hidden at Château de Montal during World War II. I don’t know if this is true—there is no mention of it in any brochure or information given out by the château—but it is a great story.
You can explore the château at your own pace with the help of a brochure (available in many languages).
Stroll through the French countryside
Of course, on the walk from Martel to Rocamadour you’ll enjoy 127 kilometres (80 miles) of glorious French countryside but this area is particularly beautiful!
If you are visiting Bretenoux but not walking, this is the perfect place to pull on your hiking boots and head out into the wide blue yonder – perhaps walk to Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux rather than drive?
Explore Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux
The path from Bretenoux to Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux and on to Autoire, follows the GR 652, and it won’t be long before the imposing façade of the château is visible, high on a nearby hill.
The rugged walls and towers of this medieval fortress provide a stark contrast to the delicate, refined architecture of Château de Montal. Where Château de Montal highlights the elegant, genteel life enjoyed by the upper class, the solid walls of Castelnau-Bretenoux showcase the brute force used to protect the baron and his army.
Construction of Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux began in 1277 by Baron Guérin de Castelnau and, over the following centuries, was expanded to include an artillery tower and additional living quarters.
Although severely damaged by fire in 1851, the château was refurbished over a period of thirty years by the French opera singer Jean Mouliérat, who then donated it to the state.
A climb to the top of the tower will reward you with stunning views over the surrounding countryside where you can imagine yourself as a guard during the Middle Ages, watching for approaching armies.
Guided tours are available from the ticket office and there are often expositions held during the summer months.
Which long-distance walk in France visits Bretenoux?
Martel to Rocamadour
Where is Bretenoux, France? Find it on Google maps
Bretenoux is located 68.8 kilometres (43 miles) from the starting point of Martel.
If you are following my suggested itinerary for this eight-day walk, you’ll arrive in Bretenoux at the end of the fifth day of walking.
If you prefer to set your own agenda, I share the steps I take to plan my itinerary on any long-distance walk (using the Chemin de Stevenson as a case study).
The walk from Martel to Rocamadour passes through nine of France’s most beautiful villages, including Martel, Turenne, Collonges-la-Rouge, Curemonte, Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne, Autoire, Loubressac, Carennac and Rocamadour.
Train services from Aurillac and Brive-la-Gaillarde stop in Biars-sur-Cère, two kilometres (1.2 miles) from Bretenoux.
Tourist Office in Bretenoux
The Tourist Office in Bretenoux has closed but you’ll find helpful staff at the Mairie, located in the Hôtel de Ville on Avenue de la Libération. Opening hours are listed on their website.
Château de Montal is open daily except for public holidays, and Mondays and Tuesday from October until March—check the Château de Montal website for exact times.
Opening hours at Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux vary throughout the year and the château closes for lunch between noon and two o’clock each afternoon, except during July and August. You’ll find the timetable on the Château de Castelnau-Bretenoux website.
Accommodation in Bretenoux
Campground La Bourgnatelle
Where to eat in Bretenoux
You’ll find several cafés, a bakery (boulangerie) and supermarket in Bretenoux where you can stop for lunch or dinner, buy picnic supplies or stock up on trail mix.
Fresh food markets are held in Place des Consuls on Tuesday and Saturday morning.
Purchase the 2023 edition of the Martel to Rocamadour (PDF) guidebook